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Japanâs ruling party will vote for a new leader on Wednesday who will almost certainly become the next prime minister ahead of a general election due in weeks, and with the economy under pressure from the Covid-19 pandemic.
Prime minister Yoshihide Suga, with his support in tatters ahead of the election, recently announced he would step down after only a year as the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) leader at the 29 September party vote.Japan PM Yoshihide Suga to quit over discontent at Covid response Read more
The new party chief is expected to become the next prime minister as the LDP holds a majority in the parliamentâs powerful lower house, but the contest has created political uncertainty in Japan with four candidates.
Running for the top posts are popular vaccine minister Taro Kono, 58, a US-educated former defence and foreign minister seen as a maverick; ex-foreign minister Fumio Kishida, a consensus-builder saddled with a bland image; former internal affairs minister Sanae Takaichi, 60, an ultra-conservative; and Seiko Noda, 61, from the partyâs dwindling liberal wing.
Last year, LDP factions rallied around Suga after prime minister Shinzo Abe quit following his nearly eight-year tenure, citing ill-health. But Sugaâs ratings tanked over his handling of the pandemic, prompting him to announce his departure ahead of a general election that must be held by 28 November.
Contenders need to attract votes from grassroots LDP members and rookie lawmakers, who have emerged as a force in the brief campaign preceding the vote and who are more likely to be swayed by popularity ratings, while also wooing LDP party bosses.
But rank-and-file members will have less say if no candidate wins a majority in the first round of voting and a second-round vote is held between the top two contenders.
A win by Kono or Kishida is unlikely to trigger a huge shift in policies as Japan seeks to cope with an assertive China and revive an economy hit by the pandemic, but Konoâs push for renewable energy and to remove bureaucratic obstacles to reform have made him appealing to investors and business chiefs.Taro Kono, the political maverick who could be Japanâs next prime minister Read more
Takaichi has been more outspoken on hot-button issues such as acquiring the ability to strike enemy missile launchers. She has also made clear that as premier, she would visit the Yasukuni Shrine for war dead, seen in Beijing and Seoul as a symbol of Japanâs past militarism. Kono has said he would not.
Kono and Kishida have pointed to the failure of Abeâs signature âAbenomicsâ mix of expansionary fiscal and monetary policies and growth strategy to benefit households but offered few specifics as to how to fix the flaw, while Takaichi has modelled her âSanaenomicsâ on her mentor Abeâs plans.
The candidates have also clashed over cultural values, with Kono favouring legal changes to allow same-sex marriage and separate surnames for married couples, both anathema to conservatives like Takaichi.